6 days Workshop on Testing & Evaluation and Question Item writing in Urdu(23rd to 28th Jan 2017)
As approved by the Director, a six day Workshop on Testing & Evaluation and Question Item writing in Urdu for School/PU teachers of Karnataka, was conducted under the overall guidance of Shri Pankaj Dwivedi, OIC-NTS-India, from 23rd to 28th January, 2017. Overwhelming response was received after dissemination of the programme information through various media and correspondence with the higher authorities of education boards of Karnataka.
As per the schedule, the programme was started on 23rd January with the inaugural session chaired by Shri Pankaj Dwivedi, OIC-NTS-India. Shri Dwivedi, welcomed the participants and highlighted the objectives of the programme and ensured all help and assistance required. Dr. V. Ilangovan, SRP,NTS-India, emphasized on testing and evaluation and the coordinators of the programme Dr. Md. Saleem and Dr. Rizwan, JRPs, NTS-India thanked the authorities for their co-operation in conducting the workshop. Altogether 45 persons attended the inaugural session including 27 participants. After the tea break, Dr. Biresh Kumar, RP, NTS-India delivered his lecture on ‘Testing the Personality Traits: NTS Perspectives’. The lecture covered the domains of personality in such a way that everybody understood the concept. In the afternoon session, Dr. M. Balakumar, former Head, NTS-India delivered his lecture on ‘Test Specifications’ in detail and in hilarious way that everybody got involved in the interaction and understood that how to prepare and set the question paper with illustrative examples and in the last session of the first day Dr. Md. Saleem delivered lecture on ‘Item Types and their applications’ in detail with illustrative examples and emphasized on enrichment of the question with various domains and cognitive domain as well.
On 24th Dr. Md. Rizwan, delivered a lecture on the ‘Basic concepts of testing and evaluation’. It was followed by the lectures of Prof. Rifatunnisa Begum, from University of Mysore and Shri Abdul Rahman Khan (Retd. Urdu Lecturer, DIET). In the last session of the day, Dr. Tarik Khan, OIC-NTM, was invited for a lecture and he took very keen interest in the topic allotted and interacted with the participants in a very scholarly way.
Next day Prof. Masood Siraj from University of Mysore, Dr G.M. Ansari and Dr.V. Ilangovan of NTS-India delivered their lectures on various topics related to Testing and Evaluation and Item Writing. The programme was concluded on 28th January, 2017. Around five hundred (500) question items were written by the participants. All the NTS faculties took keen interest in guiding and giving suggestion to the participants during item writing practices. In the valedictory session, Shri Pankaj Dwivedi, OIC-NTS-India gave opportunity to all participants to speak. Majority of the participant expressed their satisfaction about the contents and methods used in this programme as well as the arrangements. They thanked the CIIL authorities for conducting this programme and urged to organized many such programmes at district levels. At the end of the programme, certificates and incentives were distributed among the participants. Shri Dwivedi responded the feedback and ensures the participants to fulfill their request in this regards.
3 days workshop on Finalisation of Conceptual Framework for Assessing Achievement test – II phase
(09th to 11th Jan 2017)
The NTS-I of Centre for Testing and Evaluation of the Institute organized a 3 day workshop on "Finalisation of Conceptual Framework for Assessing Achievement test – II phase" from 9th to 11th January, 2017 under the supervision of Mr. Pankaj Dwivedi (OIC of NTS), and overall guidance of Director.
This workshop was initiated to ensure the suitability of the concepts / explanations of major minior sub components of achievement framework prepared by NTS-I. The subject experts invited are Prof. Sam Mohan Lal, Prof. N. Nadaraja Pillai, Dr. M.Balakumar (Formerly of CIIL, Mysore), Prof. P.Veerappan (Formerly of RIE, Mysore), Prof. Gnanam (Formerly of CHI, Mysore), and Prof. P.Manjula Rao (RIE, Mysore). The NTS faculty who are involved in this workshop are Dr. Elangovan (SRP), Dr. Biresh Kumar (RP), Dr. R.Shakunthala, Dr. G.M.Ansari, and Dr. Sanjay Prasad Srivastava (JRPs).
The workshop started with the discussion on the aptness of the framework and on the components. The discussion continued for three days on each of the Major Components viz., Content, Personality Development. The minor and sub components of above mentioned components are revised, and also few subskills are included under 2nd major component of this framework. Subsequent to this, the scrutiny of the concepts for its accuracy, appropriacy, consistency was made. The experts could able to check only the two major components. Therefore, they suggested for one more sitting. The corresponding question items for the each of the subcomponents and explanations for components under societal needs are to be included in the next sitting.
3 days Training cum Workshop on Testing and Evaluation for Teachers of RIE (04th to 06th Jan 2017)
This three day training-cum-workshop on testing and evaluation and question item writing was conducted from 4th to 6th January 2017 for the teachers of Demonstration Multipurpose School, RIE, Mysore. Total number of participants was 35 belonging to Humanities, Science and Social Science subjects. The programme was inaugurated by Prof. D.G. Rao, Director, CIIL. In his inaugural address Prof. Rao highlighted the importance of evaluation in teaching-learning process and said that the activities of NTS-I will be extended to disciplines too. During 5 technical session of this workshop theoretical, practical and philosophical aspects of educational testing and evaluation were discussed including statistical procedures used in interpretation of results and item analysis.
During 5 practice sessions each participant prepared 10 question items of objective type and 10 items of subjective type. They were provided with the feed back and the question items were revised and modified accordingly and in this process around 700 valid question items were generated.
Dr. V. Ilangovan SRP, Dr. Biresh Kumar RP and Dr. Z.S. Khan, Dr. G.M. Salik, Dr. R. Shakuntala, Dr. Md. Rizwan Dr. S.P. Srivastava and Dr. Md. Salim, all JRPs conducted the sessions. Prof. Kalpana Venugopal, HM, DMS was the chief guests of Valedictory function. Mr. Pankaj Dwivedi OIC, NTS was the chief coordinator of this programme.
6 days Training cum Workshop on Testing and Evaluation for Tamil Teachers (12th to 17th December 2016)
National Testing Service-India of the Institute organised a 5 day workshop-cum Training programme on Testing and Evaluation for the Research scholars/ Assistant professors / UG teachers across Tamilnadu from 12th to 17th December, 2016 under the supervision of Mr.Pankaj Dwivedi, Officer In Charge, NTS-I. Director, CIIL Mysore was overall patron of the programme.
Mr. Pankaj Dwivedi welcomed the guests and participants and briefed them with the objectives of the Unit. Dr. L. Ramoorthy, OIC, LDCIL delivered course briefing. Subsequent to this, Dr. M. Balakumar (formerly of CIIL) was invited as a keynote speaker in the programme. He spoke on "Recent trends in Evaluation and Testing".
The main focus of this programme was to prepare question bank for Assessing mastery of Tamil language and literature at Secondary level. Twenty six participants from Tamilnadu, Pondicherry, West Bengal, and Banaras participated in the this programme. Handouts and books (published at NTS-I, CIIL, Mysore) in Tamil language were given to the participants. The classes were handled by various resource persons working in NTS- I. A few classes and panel discussions were carried out with the help of external experts viz., Dr. M.Balakumar, Formerly of CIIL, Prof. N. Nadaraja Pillai, formerly of CIIL, Prof. Sam Mohan Lal, Formerly of CIIL, and Dr. Idayaraja, St Xavier College, Palayamkkottai, TN.
Besides the theoretical inputs, the participants were given hands on training on question item writing at secondary level in Tamil language. They were divided into eight groups and each group was provided with a different GFR topics for writing Items. Each participant wrote 62 question items and 1600 items got prepared in total, together by all participants.
In the Valedictory session Mr. Pankaj Dwivedi addressed the gathering and distributed the certificates. Few participants have given their feedback about this programme. The programme was coordianated by Dr.R.Shakunthala , JRP in consultation with Mr.Pankaj Dwivedi, OIC, NTS-I.
2 days National seminar on Teaching and Testing of Didactic Literature in Tamil(25th and 26th Oct 2016)
National Testing Services – India organized a “Two-day seminar on Teaching and Testing of Didactic Literature in Tamil” from 25th to 26th October, 2016. A total of 48 scholars participated in the seminar and twenty six papers were presented during the six sessions held on the two days. The inaugural function was presided over by Dr. M. Balakumar and the keynote address was delivered by Prof. P. Rathnasabapathy. Dr. Bireshkumar welcomed the gathering & Dr. V. Ilangovan proposed vote of thanks.
Both former and current academicians of CIIL, Mysore and various universities from Tamil Nadu participated in the seminar and contributed to the academic discussions held on the theme of the seminar. Young research scholars were also encouraged to present papers and the senior scholars suggested means of improving the papers.
The valedictory function, held on 26th October, was presided over by Dr. P. Sathyamoorthy. The chief guest was Prof. T. Sethupandian. The programme report was read out by Dr. V. Ilangovan. Dr. R. Shakunthala welcomed the audience and Mr. N. Murali Mohana proposed vote of thanks. Officer In-charge, NTS-I, Mr. Pankaj Dwivedi, constantly monitored the arrangements and ensured the smooth conduct of the seminar.
As per the guidelines and feedback given by respective chairperson(s) and audience together, paper presenters were asked to further refine their papers so that they can become worth publishing in some quality journal.
Every staff members, of NTS-I extended their full cooperation for the success of this seminar.
6 days Training cum Workshop on Testing and Evaluation and Question Item Writing
in Hindi (17th to 22nd October 2016)
A six day training-cum-workshop on Testing and Evaluation and Question Item Writing in Hindi was organized by National Testing Service-India at CIIL, Mysore from 17th to 22nd October 2016. 12 Assistant Professors and 5 Research Scholars from different universities and colleges of Karnataka participated in this workshop. It was inaugurated by Prof. Rajesh Sachdeva, Former Director (i/c) of CIIL. Prof. KVL Narasimha Rao, Former Principal, SRLC, CIIL, Dr. L. Ramamoorthy, o/c –LDC-IL, CIIL and Dr. M. Balakumar, former o/c NTS-I, CIIL Mysore and Sri Pankaj Dwivedi o/c NTS-I were also present on this occasion. Prof. Rajesh Sachdeva delivered his key note address. At the end of this session Sri Pankaj Dwivedi expressed his gratitude towards Prof. G.D. Rao, Director, CIIL and Dr. Narayan Chaudhry AD(A) of CIIL.
In this workshop Prof. K.V.L. Narsimha Rao, Prof. N. Nadaraja Pillai, Dr.V. Ilangovan, Dr. Biresh Kumar, Dr. G.M. Ansari, Dr. R. Shakunthala, Dr. Md. Rizwan, Dr. Md. Saleem Ahmad, Dr. Zubair Shadab Khan, Dr. Sanjay Prasad Srivastava, Sri Murali Mohana N., Sri Ancy Thomas, Sri Raghavan and Smt. Kavita delivered lectures and gave their presentations on different topics of Testing and Evaluation. Around 410 question items on Hindi Language and Literature were generated during this programme. On 22.10.2016 Dr. M. Balakumar former o/c NTS-I was the chief guest of valedictory function and Dr. Ashok Kamble, HOD in Hindi, KSOU, Mysore was also present. Other than above mentioned faculty members of NTS-I Sri B.M. Lingaraj, Smt. Hayat Afza, Smt. Bharathi, Smt. Vishalini, Sri Narendra Swamy Naidu and Sri Mahadeva took active part in this programme. Vote of thanks was given by Dr. Sanjay Prasad Srivastava.
5 days workshop on Finalizing Glossary of Evaluation Terminology in Telegu - II Phase (17 to 21 Oct 16)
The National Testing Service – India (NTS-I) organized a workshop on “Finalization of Glossary of Evaluation Terms in Telugu – second phase” from 17th to 21st October, 2016. This workshop is held in continuation of the first phase conducted for the finalization of the Glossary of Evaluation Terms in Telugu from 19th to 23rd September, 2016.
The main objective of initiating this workshop is to finalize the Telugu terms for Evaluation concepts and also to improve the material in acceptable form to the stakeholders. Prof. Padmakar Reddy (Formerly of Telugu Academy, Hydrabad), Prof. T.S. Giri Prakash (Formerly of Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai), Prof. K.V.V.L Narasimha Rao (Formerly of CIIL, Mysore), Dr. Harinath (Associate Professor, RIE, Mysore), and Dr. Prakasa Rao (Andhra University, Vishakapatnam) participated in this workshop as subject experts of their respective academic fields. The NTS resource persons who participated in this workshop are Dr. V. Ilangovan (SRP), Dr. R.Shakunthala (JRP), Dr.Prathima and Mr.Gautama of NTS.
The workshop started with the scrutiny of the evaluation terms and their Telugu parallels. All the terms were thoroughly scrutinized with reference to their definitions in the source book. Several round table discussions were held for the purpose of finalizing and cross verification of the terms from different subject areas like statistics, education, psychology, linguistics, and literature. Finally, the experts were satisfied with the manuscript and recommended for its publication subject to final proof reading.
The programme was coordinated by Dr. R. Shankuntala in consultation with Mr. Pankaj Dwivedi, Officer In Charge, NTS-I. Director, CIIL presided as the overall patron of the workshop.
5 days workshop on Finalizing Glossary of Evaluation Terminology in Telegu - I Phase (19 to 23 Sept 16)
The NTS-I of Centre for Testing and Evaluation of the Institute organized a 5 day workshop on “Finalisation of Glossary of Evaluation Terms in Telugu – I phase” from 19th to 23rd September, 2016.
This workshop was initiated to ensure the suitability of the Telugu parallels to the evaluation terms (for about 1000 terms as in the source book An Introduction to Evaluation Terminology published at CIIL). The subject experts invited are Prof. T.S. Giri Prakash (Formerly of Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai), Dr. Harinath (Associate Professor, RIE, Mysore), and Dr. Prakasa Rao (Andhra University, Vishakapatnam). The NTS faculty who are involved in this workshop are Dr. V. Ilangovan (SRP), and Dr. R.Shakunthala (JRP).
The workshop started with the discussion on the aptness of the Telugu parallels for all the evaluation terms. The above discussion concluded with the revision of almost all the terms in Telugu language. Finally, experts suggested for one more phase of the workshop.
The workshop was conducted under the supervision of Mr. Pankaj Dwivedi (OIC of NTS-I). The Director, CIIL, Mysore provided his patronage to the workshop.
6 days Workshop on Testing and Evaluation for Kannada & Telugu Teachers held from 11 to 16 July 2016
The second phase of the workshop for Kannada & Telugu teachers commenced on 11/07/16 by 9.30 AM at Committee Room No. II , CIIL. Each day, there were six sessions (9.30 AM - 5.30 PM)
There were 17 participants in all (Kannada - 9, Telugu - 8). All the participants were selected from among those who attended the first phase of the programme held from 23/05/16 to 29/05/16 (15 Kannada & 12 Telugu).
Besides resource persons of NTS-I and the OIC, NTS-I, two experts (Prof. G. Vishwanathappa & Prof. Venkatesa Moorthy) from Regional Institute of Education, Mysore were invited to deliver lectures on Statistics in Educational Assessment and Classical Test Theory respectively.
The participants were given intensive practice in Item Writing & Item Analysis. Each participant produced about 50 questions. Accordingly, around 400 question items in Telugu & 450 item in Kannada were prepared.
The OIC met the trainees twice for the feedback and also observed the classes of the resource persons. An unannounced test cum competition was conducted. An achievement test was conducted on 16/07/16 to have feedback on the teaching process as well as the learning outcome.
The handouts prepared in English by the resource persons & invited experts were translated into Kannada & Telugu by Dr. Manjunath & Dr. Prakash Rao. Translated handouts along with complementary copies of books were distributed to the trainees from the respective language region. With the payment of TA / DA, honorarium and distribution of certificates to the participants, the second phase of the workshop came to an end on 16/07/16.
3 day workshop on Finalisation of Conceptual Framework for Assessing Achievement test(28 to 30 Jun 16)
The NTS-I of Centre for Testing and Evaluation of the Institute organized a 3 day workshop on "Finalisation of Conceptual Framework for Assessing Achievement test" from 28th to 30th June, 2016 under the supervision of Mr. Pankaj Dwivedi (OIC of NTS), and overall guidance of Director.
This workshop was initiated to ensure the suitability of the concepts / explanations of major minior sub components of achievement framework prepared by NTS-I. The subject experts invited are Prof. P.Ratnasabapathy (TIERA, Chennai), Dr. M.Balakumar (Formerly of CIIL, Mysore), Dr.S.Kadhiravan (Professor & Head, Department of Psychology, Periyar University), Dr. S.Vajravelu (Rtd. Principal, Chennai). Mr. Tariq Khan (JRO, CIIL, Mysore) also present in the discussion. The NTS faculty who are involved in this workshop are Dr. Elangovan (SRP), and Ms. R.Shakunthala (JRP and local coordinator).
The workshop started with the discussion on the aptness of the framework and on the components. The above discussion concluded with the revision of few components with reference to the major and minor components of achievement framework. Subsequent to this, the scrutiny of the concepts for its accuracy, appropriacy, consistency was started and the same was expanded for next 3 days. Wherever the experts found inconsistency in the concepts, they were re-written and revised afresh with examples. The experts felt satisfactory and recommended for its publication. The corresponding question items for the each of the subcomponents are to be included in the next sitting.
5 days workshop on Concept based Continuum of Graded Syllabi (CCGS) Hindi & Tamil(06 to 10 June 16)
A week long workshop to finalise the "Concept based Continuum of Graded Syllabi (CCGS)" in Hindi and Tamil languages for the seven levels of general education was conducted at the National Testing Service-India (NTS-India) of CIIL, Mysore from 6th to 10th June, 2016 under the supervision of Mr. Pankaj Dwivedi (OIC of NTS), and overall guidance of Director.
This workshop was initiated to finalise the Concept based Continuum of Graded Syllabi in Hindi and Tamil. The subject experts invited for this work are Prof. K.P. Pandey, Varanasi and Prof. M. Gnanam, Chidambaram to finalise the material on Hindi; Dr. M.Balakumar and Prof. Sam Mohan Lal (both Formerly of CIIL, Mysore) to finalise the material on Tamil. The experts were assisted by NTS faculty include Dr. V.Elangovan (SRP), Dr. Biresh Kumar (RP), Ms.R.Shakunthala and Dr. Sanjay Prasad Srivastava (JRPs).
The experts thoroughly discussed the distribution of components viz., subject matter (language & literature), personality traits and societal needs, language & literature with respect to seven levels of general education for their suitability once again. After a detailed deliberation, the experts made appropriate changes in the concepts and provided relevant examples.
2 day National seminar on 'Role of Evaluation in Quality Maintenance in Language Education,
with special reference to Hindi' - reg. ( 23rd to 29th May 2016)
This programme was conducted by National Testing Service-India at Central Institute of Indian Languages on 30th and 31st May 2016. It was inaugurated on 30th May by Prof. A.K. Mishra, Director, CIIL and Prof. L.N. Aurora, Former Director, Prasaranga, University of Mysore. Prof. L.N. Aurora was the guest of honour and he delivered the key note address. Mr. Pankaj Dwivedi, Officer In-charge, NTS-I welcomed the guests.
In his inaugural speech, Prof. A.K. Mishra stressed on the role of evaluation in improving the teaching-learning process by detecting the strengths and weaknesses of the system and there by determining the extent to which pre-determined objectives are achieved. Prof. L.N. Aurora in his key note address hailed the role of NTS-India and CIIL in creating a centralized mechanism for teaching Indian languages and testing the achievement and proficiency of the students in a scientific and effective manner.
Around 25 papers covering different aspects of the theme were presented in its 6 academic sessions. Participants from Patna, Delhi, Lucknow, Chennai, Trichy and Kannur (Kerala) and other parts of country attended this programme. Evaluation of mastery on languages, evaluation of personality growth, language learning for functional purposes, CCE, future of languages in information era, status of language education in India, language-literature interface and use of ICT in language education were the broad areas of discussion and presentation.
Dr. Madhu Dhawan, Dr. P. Rajarathinam (both from TN), Dr. Sweta Sinha, Dr. R.C. Maurya, Dr. V.T.V. Mohanan, Dr. Vinay K. Yadav, Dr. Rekha Agarwal, Dr. Narayan Choudhry, Mr. Tariq Khan and Mr. Pankaj Dwivedi, presided over the academic sessions.
On 31st May, a valedictory session of this programme was attended by Prof. K.S. Rajyashri, Former Deputy Director, CIIL as the Chief Guest. She highlighted the importance of learning languages as it increases the acceptability and employability of a person in present scenario and asserted that learning Hindi is essential for communicating with the common man of India.
Dr. Biresh Kumar and Dr. Sanjay Prasad Srivastava were the Local Coordinator and Asst. Local Coordinator of this programme respectively.
7 day Training cum Workshop (Kannada & Telugu) held from 23rd to 29th May 2016
Five languages were inducted during the year 2016-17. They are namely Kannada, Telugu, Bengali, Gujarathi& Kashmiri. In order to get the required man power to train the teachers teaching these languages across the seven levels, it was decided to organize an intensive training programme for 21 days in two spells (7 + 14 days) for 30 persons (15 each for Kannada & Telugu).
In all, 27 participants (15 Kannada + 12 Telugu) were benefitted by the training. Of the 27, 19 were from places outside Mysore and were accommodated in the SRLC hostel.
Handouts were given to the participants on every topic taught to them. The classes were handled by NTS faculty. However, the following external experts were invited to help us in the conduct of the programme.
Area dealt with by the experts
Prof. G. Vishwanathappa, RIE, Mysore
Prof. C.V. G. Murthy, RIE, Mysore
Taxonomy of Educational Objectives
Prof. N.M. Talawar, KIKS, UOM, Mysore
Evaluation in Kannada at Degree Level
Dr. KVVLN. Rao,Formerly of SRLC, CIIL
To facilitate the teaching / learning in Telugu
Besides the theoretical inputs, the participants were given practice in writing items (in their own language). Each participant developed 24 items (12 objective & 12 subjective). In all 336 items in Kannada & 288 items in Telugu have been developed. Also they were given practice in calculating item difficulty using the formula RH + RL / NH + NL
The participants were given an Exit Behaviour Test (on 29.05.16) to assess their understanding of the concepts transacted in the class room as well as to assess the efficacy of the input sessions.
This programme was inaugurated by Dr. L. Ramamoorthy, OIC, LDCIL & the chief guest of that occasion was Dr. Vijayasarathi,AD(A). Dr. V. Ilangovan, SRP, NTS-I welcomed the gathering. Dr. Biresh Kumar proposed vote of thanks. Mr.Pankaj Dwivedi, OIC, NTS and coordinator of the programme, addressed the participants on 29/05/16 and distributed the participation certificates to the participants. Prof. A.K. Mishra, Director, CIIL, patron of the programme, approved necessary funds and human resources for the programme.
The course came to end on 29/05/16 successfully. The interest shown by the participants in applying for the second phase of the programme indicates the need and success of this programme.
Thanks to Director, CIIL, Mysore; Dr. L. Ramamoorthy, OIC, LDCIL; Dr. Vijayasarathi, AD(A), CIIL; Shri Pankaj Dwivedi, OIC, NTS and all other faculty and staff members for their cooperation in the successful conduct of the programme.
6 day workshop to finalize Concept Based Continuum of Graded syllabi in English.(9th to 14th May 2016)
This Programme was conducted from 9th to 14th May 2016 at CIIL Mysore to finalize the main English text of Concept Based Continuum of Graded Syllabi - the CCGS. This 116 page document is meant for providing a reference point to the syllabus developers, text book designers and the test makers working in the field of teaching language and literature.
In this unique design prepared by National Testing Service-India teaching-learning inputs with their associated properties and related dimensions are suggested for all the seven levels of general education i.e. from Primary to Research levels. The consequential effects of learning these subjects are also mentioned in terms of the components of personality growth as listed in the TEO (the Taxonomy of Educational Objectives).
Along with this, the societal needs to be fulfilled by these abilities or skills are also given in this paper. It is also ready for publication and preparation of its version in other Indian languages. Prof. Talat Aziz of JMI, New Delhi, Prof. C.B. Dwivedi of BHU, Varanasi and Dr. M. Balakumar, former Head, NTS were the subject experts. Dr. V. Ilangovan, SRP, NTS coordinated the programme under under supervision of Mr. Pankaj Dwivedi Officer-in-charge, NTS-India. The overall guidance was given by Prof. Awadesh Kumar Mishra, Director, CIIL.
6 Day workshop on Finalizing Glossary of Evaluation Terminology in Bengali ( 9th to 14th May 2016)
This program was conducted from 9th to 14th May 2016 at CIIL, Mysore to finalize the Glossary of Evaluation Terminology in Bengali. It contains 929 technical terms used in the area of educational testing and evaluation derived from Language, literature, psychology and Statistics, etc.
Prof. S.N. Barman, former Director (i/c) of CIIL was the main subject expert assisted by Mr. Sujoy Sarkar, Lecture-cum-Junior Research officer of CIIL. This will be published very soon. Mrs. Swarnali Choudhry provided the technical assistance to the team of experts. Biresh Kumar, Resource Person, NTS coordinated the programme under supervision of Mr. Pankaj Dwivedi Officer-in-charge, NTS-India. The overall guidance was given by Prof. Awadesh Kumar Mishra, Director, CIIL.